I own a lot of stripes, I enjoy wearing berets, and I have a hard time turning down wine and cheese. I don’t consider myself a Francophile, but I certainly have an appreciation for aspects of French culture. And perhaps a bit of jealousy for the way the French seem to have such an easy time of working so much pleasure into their meals.
That being said, considering the percentage of obese French citizens is far, far lower than that of Americans (16.9 percent vs. 33.9 percent, according to the World Health Organization via The Parisian Diet), clearly they’re not stuffing their faces with cheese and croissant in between sips of Bordeaux and the occasional puff on a cigarette.
The Parisian Diet: The French Lifestyle
The Parisian Diet, by Dr. Jean-Michel Cohen, aims to demystify the French lifestyle — specifically, demystify it for Americans. Dr. Cohen is well-known in France as a nutrition specialist, hosting weight-loss reality shows and appearing on the French edition of Top Chef in addition to creating the first interdepartmental consultation center on obesity in France. He takes a stand against fad diets and promotes eating real, whole food. So, naturally, I was pretty psyched to see just what his magic consisted of.
For the entire introduction, I just kept nodding my head. His approach sounded an awful lot like what we preach here on FBG: set aside time to eat — and enjoy it! Make it more of a ritual and savor every aspect of it, from prep and presentation to that final swallow. Don’t focus on the challenges or any failures, but instead, treat yourself with love and kindness and view the decision to live a healthier lifestyle as a positive thing you get to do rather than a chore.
The Parisian Diet: Cultural Differences
Dr. Cohen makes some interesting observations about the French way of eating vs. the American way. Mainly, the French tend to eat three true meals throughout the day with little to no snacking. Lunch is often a very leisurely, social occasion lasting an hour or two, and dinner is spent with family, and also takes a considerable amount of time.
That concept probably sounds pretty foreign, right? The American way focuses more on snacking, keeping hunger at bay, working meals into our busy days (which often means eating at our desk or while we read the paper). And while small meals throughout the day can help you keep your energy up and blood sugar stable, it can also lead to consumer more calories than needed, not to mention feed into the instant gratification part of your brain. (You know the drill: Hungry? Have a Snickers!)
He also mentions how the vast sharing of cultural eating habits have influenced noshing opportunities around the world, but especially in America. In some cultures, it’s normal to have a huge breakfast and eat light meals throughout the day. Others always have a substantial meal at night. And then there’s brunch and big lunches … and basically, many of us have access to all those things, all the time. Because they’re the norm in other cultures, it can be easy to justify eating a large breakfast, a heavy lunch, then topping it off with a leisurely (and calorie-heavy) dinner. Followed by dessert, of course. It seems more and more normal.
The Parisian Diet: Weightier Topics
He also gets into some of the reasons people gain and find themselves unable to lose weight, and uses case studies as examples. Maybe I’m just a psychology geek of sorts, but I found that pretty fascinating. We’re all fighting our own battles, and it’s interesting to see how often those battles can show up as extra weight.
And, his way of determining your Right Weight (i.e. what you should consider for your goal on this diet) is really interesting, taking into account your weight at 18 years old, your heaviest weight, your lightest adult weight and your current weight. If that number is higher than what you’d like to get down to, that’s okay — simply use the number you come up with as a goal this first time, and then, as you lose weight, you can start over from the beginning of the diet, and your new, lower current weight will automatically bring your Right Weight down. That’s kind of a cool way to look at reaching a target weight.
So the premise of The Parisian Diet and the way it’s meant to help you create a healthy lifestyle, I can get down with. I’m not sure I would ever be a strict three-times-a-day eater, but I can appreciate the concept of taking the time to truly appreciate what you’re eating.
That being said, I had a couple of problems with the actual diet portion.
The Parisian Diet: The Beef
The first and biggest, in my mind, is the fact that, although Cohen routinely pushes the importance of real vs. processed foods, he also pushes diet sodas, artificial sweeteners and low- or nonfat dairy. That seems a bit contradictory, no? Surely, there must be better ways to cut calories.
Second, I hadn’t realized how restrictive the diet was. There are three phases: Cafe, Bistro and Gourmet. Cafe is an optional kickstart plan you can follow for up to 10 days, and is so restrictive that it’s mandatory you take a multivitamin and magnesium supplements during this phase. Cohen offers 10 days of meal plans and … well, like I said, it’s restrictive. I got hungry reading it. (Typical American response, right?)
Bistro, which is also quite restrictive, is to be used for a maximum of three weeks. I didn’t get hungry just looking at it, but I admit it would be a challenge for a full three weeks. We aren’t talking about a ton of calories, here.
Gourmet is the final part of the plan, designed to help you continue to lose weight while eating a little more normally. This part of the plan can be followed, as strictly or loosely as you want, indefinitely.
I dig that there are a lot of recipes, meal plans, suggestions for meat and ingredient substitutions, and tips for making the most of your food in here, plus some great words of wisdom about how to approach eating and weight loss. I mean, how can I fully disagree with a book that urges you to treat yo’self? But I’d suggest talking with your doctor before trying this diet (especially if you exercise like a boss) because, well, you start out with seriously few calories, and that’s not entirely FBG-ified.
Have you ever tried The Parisian Diet? What did you think? —Kristen